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The Use of Natural gas and Diesel Generators in a Communal Environment

Communities worldwide depend on electricity to power their lives. This includes the computers and machines that run industry, as well as the electricity fed to businesses and homes. When electricity goes down, one alternative that people turn to includes using a backup generator to provide power until electricity is restored.

The two main forms of electric generators are natural gas and diesel powered. While the outcome is exactly the same (electric power) it turns out that there are perfect situations for every type due to differences inside the way a gas generator works versus a diesel generator. This write up explains the difference between both as well as the advantages of the gas generator over the diesel generator in a communal environment.

 

Advantages of Natural Gas Generators over Diesel Generators in a Communal Environment

Reduced Cost

In Nigeria, the current cost of diesel is 230 naira per liter as against natural gas which is 95 naira per liter. Natural gas offers a 60% saving over diesel (in fuel costs alone). When incorporating the full lifecycle savings of operating gas generators instead of diesel generators, the saving is up to 100% of total energy costs. The cost of gas is stable, whereas the diesel price fluctuates regularly.

Environmentally Friendly
  • Natural gas is the cleanest and quietest burning fossil fuel available, emitting significantly less carbon dioxide, sulfur and nitrogen (greenhouse gases) emissions than diesel – creating a safer and happier work environment.
  • Natural gas does not produce a strong odor that is common with generators powered by diesel fuels which are considered to be a major pollutant in most major cities and towns where it is used.
  • Noise is a big issue with a diesel type of generator. While newer models are getting quieter, the older versions can still be a bit noisy. Diesel generators that are used in and around larger populations may also be too noisy for residents around the vicinity of these units.
Domestically Produced

Despite holding the world’s ninth largest proven gas reserves of over 187 trillion cubic feet, Nigeria imports billions of dollars’ worth of refined oil every year and still flares a large volume of natural gas. This is largely due to the inadequate national gas processing and pipeline facilities – the Natural Gas solution is helping bridge this gap!

Moreover, The Nigerian Natural Gas industry creates domestic employment opportunities, spurs economic growth, aids local manufacturing with cheaper electricity and reduces strain on foreign exchange reserves for US dollars.

No Pilferage

Diesel pilferage is a problem in Nigeria – industry experts estimate that at least 20% of diesel is pilfered or adulterated in Nigeria. Natural Gas on the other hand can only be stored in high-pressure skids – eliminating the risk of pilferage. Moreover, diesel tanks or a particulate treatment system is not required.

Delivery Flexibility

Natural Gas delivery is not constrained by access to pipeline infrastructure – Natural Gas can be delivered directly to remote locations and stored on site for continuous fuel supply.

Industrial Performance

Natural gas can replace several types of solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels in industrial processes (from steel to paper production) and is the most cost effective fuel for power generation in Nigeria, boosting productivity and competitiveness.

Reduced Maintenance

Natural gas is a much cleaner fuel than diesel or petrol – reducing the risk of damage and extending the life of industrial equipment. Gas generators also have long service intervals (up to 30,000 hours), reducing maintenance and aftermarket costs.

Safety

Natural Gas fuel storage tanks are stronger and safer than gasoline or diesel tanks, decreasing the likelihood of accidental release. Moreover, Natural Gas disperses quickly into the air instead of on ground, reducing the risk of fire or ground contamination.
Natural Gas also has a higher ignition temperature (628 degrees Celsius) than diesel (210 degrees Celsius), significantly reducing the chance of accidental ignition.

 

 

 
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